Birth control for men: 8 options
Condoms and spermicides are two of the most common birth control options for men, while a vasectomy is a permanent option.
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Although there are many birth control options available,
Read on to learn more about possible birth control methods for men.
There is only one form of permanent birth control solution for men, which is a vasectomy.
A vasectomy is the
A doctor may perform a minimally invasive outpatient procedure or a more complex surgical procedure to cut or tie this tube. The appropriate option depends on a person’s needs and general health. Although some vasectomies are reversible, the effectiveness of these procedures depends on the method and skill of the healthcare professional performing the vasectomy.
It also takes time – usually around 3 months – for a vasectomy to become fully effective, so a couple must use other methods of birth control during this time.
The success rate of vasectomies is
Learn more about a vasectomy here.
Here are some barrier methods of male birth control.
Condoms are a popular and accessible barrier method that can reduce the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. They come in different shapes, colors, and sizes, and some include a spermicidal lubricant to help kill sperm.
Most condoms are made of latex, but people who are allergic to latex can use condoms that include other materials, such as polyurethane or polyisoprene. It is important to check the instructions or labeling for potential allergens.
By following proper use guidelines, condoms can be up to 98% effective. However, many people do not use them correctly every time. They may put them on too late, leave the penis in the vagina after ejaculation, or perform actions that cause condoms to tear. With typical use, the efficiency is around 85%.
Spermicide is a substance that
Behavioral methods can also be beneficial, although they often require additional birth control methods for optimal safety.
Knowledge of fertility
Fertility Awareness is a method that focuses on monitoring a female partner’s menstrual cycles to determine the likely time of ovulation. Partners can then avoid sex during this fertile period.
Men cannot practice this method alone. However, they can support female partners by mapping menstrual cycles, learning about the approach, and cooperating when they need to abstain from sex.
The effectiveness of fertility awareness varies widely. If a woman has regular and predictable menstrual cycles, it is more likely to be effective. On average, the failure rate is
Withdrawal involves removing the penis from the vagina before it ejaculates. In theory, this method can prevent sperm from entering the vagina. A
The optimal approach requires that a person withdraw before any ejaculation, not just at the onset of ejaculation – this can be difficult to time. It is also necessary to prevent the ejaculate from coming into contact with the vagina, so that the penis must be completely free from the vagina.
Outercourse means giving and receiving sexual pleasure using methods that will not result in pregnancy, such as oral sex, mutual masturbation, or the use of vibrators. As long as the semen does not come into contact with the vagina, there is no chance of pregnancy.
However, there is always a risk of getting some sexually transmitted infections, especially if a person comes in contact with their partner’s body fluids, including semen or vaginal fluid.
Abstinence is abstaining from all sexual contact. Some people use the term to refer to vaginal sex, while others use it in the context of abstaining from sexual contact. Abstinence, which involves avoiding sexual contact, guarantees zero risk of pregnancy and eliminates the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.
Researchers continue to explore male contraceptive methods that work similarly to the female birth control pill or injection. Men do not have the monthly menstrual cycles that women experience. Therefore, these methods must use another technique to control fertility, such as suppressing certain hormones or reducing sperm count.
A 2019 clinical trial evaluated a male contraceptive pill, which passed the first round of safety and tolerability testing. Hormonal tests suggest that the drug lowers certain hormones, including testosterone, which reduces fertility. While some men have experienced erection problems, the general interest in sex has not waned.
Another study from 2019 found that an injectable mixture of hormones could reduce sperm motility and block the vas deferens.
Although no male contraceptive pill is available in the market, one could be available in the years to come.
Men have fewer birth control options than women, and most male temporary birth control techniques have a fairly high failure rate.
However, research into newer and potentially more effective methods is ongoing.
In the meantime, health experts recommend that men discuss contraceptive options with a doctor and their partners.