Here are some diet and lifestyle changes men should follow
Male infertility: A certain proportion of male infertility can be avoided, especially if it is detected early. Here are some diet and lifestyle changes that men should follow.
Male infertility: a healthy diet and lifestyle can help improve fertility in men
- Healthy Lifestyle Can Help Improve Fertility
- Smoking can affect your health in several ways, including fertility
- Avoid consuming too much alcohol
Infertility has become much more common today than it was twenty years ago. Current estimates are that around 1 in 5 Indian couples will experience infertility issues. While the first reasoning in mind might be the increase in fertility diseases and infections, the truth is that these diseases and infections were present 20 years ago, although they are much more common today. . So what is the reason for the increase in infertility cases in our time? The answer is that it is partly related to the environment, partly to lifestyle and partly to disease.
Most cases of male infertility go undetected. To better understand the situation, it is necessary to understand what predisposes men to this problem, corrective and preventive measures.
Research clearly shows that a low sperm count per se is associated with metabolic alterations, cardiovascular risk, and low bone mass. Men who are infertile are likely to have significant coexisting health problems or risk factors that can affect their quality of life and shorten their lives. The bottom line is that treatment for male infertility should not focus solely on having a child when diagnostic tests reveal other health risks, such as being overweight, high cholesterol, or having a baby. high blood pressure. And the good news is that a good deal of male infertility is preventable, especially if it’s caught early. Preventive fertility assessment gives men the unique opportunity to assess their health and prevent disease.
Men in couples who are having difficulty achieving pregnancy should be properly diagnosed and monitored by their fertility specialists and primary care physician, as they may have an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Semen testing or screening should be done by all men and is a necessity to protect against significant health risks.
As doctors, we meet a lot of men who are concerned about their sexual health and fertility, but don’t know how to go about it. The good news is that lifestyle and diet changes play a major role in improving male fertility and maintaining sexual health, beyond conception.
Here are some risks and preventive measures to improve male fertility-
Tobacco smoke contains ROS at levels that can damage sperm by reducing sperm motility and function and ultimately making sperm less fertile. Smoking not only impairs male fertility, but is also responsible for increased damage to the DNA of an abnormal embryo – potentially increasing abortion in early pregnancy.
The available evidence on smoking and male fertility supports the recommendation to stop smoking and minimize exposure to tobacco smoke in couples trying to conceive. And generally beneficial effects are observed 3 months after stopping smoking.
An analysis of 29,914 men reported a significant association between alcohol consumption and lower semen volume, sperm morphology, and sperm motility in a dose-dependent manner. Moderate and excessive alcohol consumption has been shown to be harmful to sperm motility and morphology
Although exercise is considered a great way to maintain a healthy life and sexual health, the right amount of exercise is needed to maintain healthy sperm motility. Treadmill exercise (running at moderate speed for 30 to 45 minutes, three to six days a week) showed improvement in the quality of their sperm in terms of volume, sperm count, motility, and body shape ( shape and size). Any form of moderate exercise routine may be a better option for men, especially when they are having fertility issues.
The presence of excess fat in obese people leads to an increased conversion of testosterone to estrogen, the female hormone that impairs the male hormonal balance, which is harmful to sperm production.
5. Psychological stress
Stress, in its many forms, can cause sperm problems. Stress activates an excessive response in the sympathetic nervous system and causes Leydig hormonal and cellular imbalance, resulting in the reduction of the male hormone testosterone.
Diet and nutrition play an important role in the quality of sperm. Eating a healthy, balanced diet could improve sperm quality and male birth rates. For example, the Mediterranean diet, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants and vitamins, and low in fat, is the best diet for sperm health.
Vegetables and fruits, fish and poultry, grains and low-fat dairy products were among the foods positively associated with sperm quality. However, diets consisting of processed meat, whole dairy products, alcohol, coffee, and sugary drinks are associated with poor sperm quality and lower birth rates.
To sum up, there is a rapid decline in the quality of semen in men over the years. Early detection is essential in the fight against male infertility. Men should come forward for testing, which can now be done in the privacy of their own homes. In addition, they should seek appropriate clinical intervention for the same. Instead of relying on unscientific drugs and supplements for self-treatment of male infertility, a good lifestyle can help prevent such problems to a great extent.
(Dr SS Vasan, MBBS, DNB-GEN SURGERY, DNB-Urology, is the co-founder of the fertility-tech start-up, Janani)
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