Understanding Infertility in Men and Women: Knowing the Treatment Options
Infertility is a common concern these days. There are several reasons behind infertility in both men and women. Learn more about the causes of infertility.
Infertility: There is a lack of information about the various treatments for infertility in people
Infertility can be a very complicated topic to discuss. This is due to the lack of information about the different treatments available to couples trying to conceive. This is especially for couples unfamiliar with the discussion of infertility and assisted reproductive procedures. To solve fertility problems, it is crucial to know the causes. In this article, here are some possible reasons for the rising rates of infertility in both men and women, factors to watch out for, treatments, and their success rates.
Infertility in men and women
Causes of infertility in men include:
- Low sperm count or motility
- Abnormal sperm production or no sperm production
- premature ejaculation
While causes in women include:
- Ovulatory disorders – when the woman’s reproductive cell or egg is not produced every month
- Tubal disorders – where the fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged; endometriosis, adenomyosis, fibroids in the uterus or if the patient has a low egg supply.
More than 30% of couples experience unexplained infertility.
Dr. Shweta Mittal, consultant gynecologist at Sir Gangaram Hospital, mentions that “These causes are also grouped into correctable and uncorrectable causes. An example of treatable causes is erectile dysfunction in men or polycystic ovary syndrome, which affects many couples, and perhaps Some of these disorders can be corrected for both men and women by certain lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, drinking alcohol, taking injectable medications, or having surgery to improve fertility.However, some unexplained causes of infertility take longer to diagnose and understand Conditions like endometriosis in women require a surgical approach to improve their fertility.These could be related to certain medical conditions in the couple’s medical history, such as diabetes, early cancers, infections, etc., which may have a impact on the life of the couple. earlier fertility. These take longer to resolve but most often respond to the proposed treatment”.
Dr. Nayana Patel, Consultant Gynecologist at Akanksha IVF Center, says that “there are certain treatments for different levels of infertility. For mild infertility, ovulation induction is performed when the couple is young , more or less healthy, but still having some problems the woman’s egg is tracked according to her cycle and given an injection to increase fertility during ovulation to increase the chances of success. can be administered orally or by injection.
The second treatment involves checking if the woman’s tubes are healthy with simple X-rays and simple, minimally invasive surgery to remove any blockages. It could also be done for the ovaries and the endometrial layer in the uterus. Another treatment is intrauterine insemination, where the woman receives injections or oral supplements, then takes the man’s sperm and prepares the best sample for placement in the uterus. It is a painless procedure with a short recovery period. If these fail, in vitro fertilization or IVF is performed.
Experts also recommend that if you are suggested to have IVF, try to go through the procedure as soon as possible, as the longer a couple waits, the lower the chance of success. In this process, the eggs are taken from the ovaries, fertilized by the male sperm, and then within five days, are transferred inside the female’s uterus. IVF is recommended when the tubes are blocked when the woman and the man cannot conceive for three or more years of unexplained fertility.
Because infertility is a subject that most people traditionally refrain from discussing, the two doctors note that most couples come much later than they could have, making them much less likely success in these treatments. It should also be sufficiently emphasized that age is an undeniably crucial factor in the infertility debate. Although doctors recognize this as a critical factor, they also remain positive that most couples who come for these different treatments have a chance of success.
(Dr. Nayana Patel is Consultant Gynecologist at Akanksha IVF Center and Dr. Shweta Mittal is Consultant Gynecologist at Sir Gangaram Hospital)
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